Boulle, André-Charles

Boulle, André-Charles
b. 11 November 1642 Paris, France
d. 29 February 1732 Paris, France
French cabinet-maker noted for his elaborate designs and high-quality technique in marquetry using brass and tortoiseshell.
As with the Renaissance artists and architects of fifteenth-and sixteenth-century Italy, Boulle worked as a young man in varied media, as a painter, engraver and metalworker an in mosaic techniques. It was in the 1660s that he turned more specifically to furniture and in the following decade, under the patronage of Louis XIV, that he became a leading ébéniste or cabinet-maker, In 1672 the King's Controller-General, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, recommended Boulle as an outstanding cabinet-maker and he was appointed ébéniste du roi. From then he spent the rest of his life working in the royal palaces, notably the Louvre and Versailles, and also carried out commissions for the French aristocracy and from abroad, particularly Spain and Germany.
Before the advent of Boulle, the quality furniture made for the French court and aristocracy had come from foreign craftsmen, particularly Domenico Cucci of Italy and Pierre Colle of the Low Countries. Boulle made his name as their equal in his development of new forms of furniture such as his bureaux and commodes, the immense variety of his designs and their architectural quality, the beauty of his sculptural, gilded mounts, and the development of his elaborate marquetry. He was a leading exponent of the contemporary styles, which meant the elaborately rich baroque forms in the time of Louis XIV and the more delicate rococo elegance in that of Louis XV. The technique to which Boulle gave his name (sometimes referred to in its German spelling of Bühl) incorporated a rich variety of veneering materials into his designs: in particular, he used tortoiseshell and brass with ebony. Even greater richness was created with the introduction of an engraved design upon the brass surfaces. Further delicate elaboration derived from the use of paired panels of decoration to be used in reverse form in one piece, or two matching pieces, of furniture. In one panel, designated as première partie, the marquetry took the form of brass upon tortoiseshell, while in the other (contre-partie) the tortoiseshell was set into the brass background.
Further Reading
J.Fleming and H.Honour, 1977, The Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts : Allen Lane, pp. 107–9.
1982, The History of Furniture : Orbis (contains many references to Boulle).

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Boulle, André-Charles — or André Charles Boule born Nov. 11, 1642, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 29, 1732, Paris French cabinetmaker. After studying drawing, painting, and sculpture, he achieved fame as the most skillful furniture designer in Paris. In 1672 Louis XIV appointed… …   Universalium

  • Boulle, André-Charles — o André Charles Boule (11 nov. 1642, París, Francia–29 feb. 1732, París). Ebanista francés. Luego de estudiar dibujo, pintura y escultura, alcanzó fama como el diseñador de mobiliario más talentoso de París. En 1672, Luis XIV lo nombró ebanista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Boulle, André-Charles — (1642 1732)    cabinetmaker    André Boulle, who was born in Paris, developed as a furniture maker what would come to be known as the Buhl style of furniture inlay. In his early career, he worked for charles le brun and gained the patronage of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • André Charles Boulle — (11 November 1642 – 28 February 1732) was the French cabinetmaker who is generally considered to be the preeminent artist in the field of marquetry, even the most remarkable of all French cabinetmakers. [1] His fame in marquetry led to his name… …   Wikipedia

  • Andre-Charles Boulle — André Charles Boulle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulle. André Charles Boulle André Charles Boulle (11 novembre 1642 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André Charles Boulle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulle. André Charles Boulle André Charles Boulle (11 novembre 1642 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André-Charles Boulle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulle. André Charles Boulle André Charles Boulle (11 novembre 1642 29 février 1732 à Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André-Charles Boulle — (* 11. November 1642 in Paris; † 29. Februar 1732 ebenda) war ein französischer Möbeltischler. André Charles Boulle wurde als Kind holländischer Emigranten geboren. Der Vater Jean Bolt (französisiert: Jean Boule) zog 1610 aus dem deutschen Teil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • boulle — [ bul ] n. m. inv. • fin XIXe; de Boulle 1 ♦ Style de mobilier incrusté (d ivoire, de cuivre, d ébène) inspiré de celui de l ébéniste Boulle. Le style Boulle, le Boulle. « les grandes consoles de faux boulle » (F. Mauriac). Par ext. Des meubles… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • André — André, Yves Marie * * * (as used in expressions) Ampère, André Marie André, John Boulle, André Charles André Charles Boule Breton, André Cournand, André F(rédéric) Courrèges, André Derain, André …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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